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Landscape Drainage
Northern Illinois Water Gardens

Ecologically Friendly Drainage Solutions

Water runoff is the number 1 contributor to our oceans pollution. In nature there is no development, no pavement, and no chemical fertilizers or pesticides. Natures answer to too much water on a property is to let it soak into the ground slowly. This allows the water to return to the underground water table.

When too much water hits modern landscapes it runs off into storm sewers which dump into streams and rivers which eventually get to the ocean carrying all the pollutants that are in our modern landscape.

There are 3 ecologically friendly answers that can be applied to modern landscape to help combat this problem.

1 Retention ponds - These are being built by newer subdivisions and are a good way to let the water drain back into the water table by filtering back into the underground water table.

2 Organic fertilizer and pesticides - Change from chemical fertilizers and pesticides to organic fertilizers and pesticides.

3 Water gardens - In the case where drainage problems on your property have no ecological outlet, the answer is a water garden. Water gardens are a 8 to 10 inch depression in the ground usually placed at the lowest place on the property. Then you run drain tile from all gutter down spouts and water problem areas into this depression. Inside this depression you plant water garden plants.

These plants are plants that like to be over watered and even have their root systems submerged in water. Another feature of water plants, are that they have deep root systems which break through the top layer of clay. This allows the water to drain back into the underground water table easier.

There are many water garden plants that will work in Illinois. Here is a list of water garden plants that I use. Sporobolus, Panicum, Miscanthus purpurescens, Cornus sericea, Cornus racemosam, Betula nigra,, Acer rubrum, Acer saccharum, Aronia, Clethra, Eupatorium, Dicentra, Heliopsis, Ilex glabra, Ilex,,, verticillata, Hosta, Iris versicolor, Nyssa, Hemerocallis, Polemonium, Quercus bicolor, Sisyrinchium,,,, Solidago, Viburnum dentatums, and Viburnum prunifolium.

If you have a drainage problem on your property, and you would like a green solution.
A water garden looks great and is very ecologically friendly
.

If you would like to research further call Allscape today (847) 769-9529.

Landscape Drainage
French Drains in Northern Illinois

How to Properly Install a French Drain

First let me say that underground French drains do not work very well in northern Illinois unless they are very large. The problem is that we have too much clay in northern Illinois. I suggest only building French drains that end in a ground level decorative gravel fake stream or pond.  Open Gravel areas will allow more evaporation than underground gravel pits.

Start by trenching from the water problem area to desired location for your gravel area, Making sure to surround the drain tile with river rock as you go. The gravel area should be dug out about a 2 foot depression. Then spiral the drain tile in the depression to fill the area and bury with river rock. Top off the area with decorative rock of your choice. I like Mexican pebbles.

Then go back and top off the trench line with top soil and sod. Use a compactor to seal the sod to match the ground level. Then finish your gravel area off with the water garden plants to decorate the area and make it look more natural.

Here is a list of water plants that I like to use, SporobolusPanicum, Miscanthus purpurescens, Cornus sericea, Cornus racemosa, Betula nigra, Acer rubrum, Acer saccharum, Aronia, Clethra, Eupatorium, Dicentra, Heliopsis, Ilex glabra, Ilex verticillata, Hosta, Iris versicolor, Nyssa, Hemerocallis, Polemonium, Quercus bicolor, Sisyrinchium, Solidago, Viburnum, dentatums, Viburnum prunifolium.

If you would like to research further call Allscape today (847) 769-9529.

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